06/01/2021

primary host for sandalwood

1(1): 13-25. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-008-9057-z. Current Science. The shading must be adjusted to the type of primary host. Ari Suharto, Sandal (santalum album L.) conservation in Southern India: A review of policies and their impacts. pada Beberapa Ukuran Kantung Plastik di Daerah Semiarid. Handoko Handoko, 11(2): 51-61. https://doi.org/10.14710/jil.11.2.51-61. Sandalwood can only thrive if it grows alongside another plant that produces fixed nitrogen, a type of natural fertilizer. brampton.ca, See all hours. Sales office hours: By Appointment Only Please Call: 905 230 2009. Purslane (Althernantera sp), a local plant species called krokot, is best suited as a primary host when the sandalwood saplings were in nurseries. Boer R, June T. 2001. Sandalwood oil is extracted from the woods for use. Journal of Tropical Agriculture. Sandalwood seedlings should be grown in pots with a suitable host. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse and designed using completely randomized design. Bergez JE, Dupraz C. 2000. The silviculture system devised utilises three hosts, the first being an herbaceous plant introduced to the container-grown sandalwood one month prior to field planting. FanggidaE, Y. R., Impron, I., & June, T. (2020). USE OF SANDALWOOD AND OIL Heartwood of the sandalwood tree is the most valuable part. 2004. Already the sandalwood industry is significantly contributing towards employment in the wheatbelt, with many millions of sandalwood host seedlings currently being grown by regional nurseries. THE SANDALWOOD. City Of Brampton. Use of purslane as a host of sandalwood which is now practiced in many places in the world is Komang Surata findings, lead researcher of Research Institute for Forestry Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Perdinan. ONLY A FEW UNITS REMAIN Small-Scale Forestry. Land Resources sandalwood if used in conjunction with appropriate supplementary Series No. From 24 to 36 DASH, ET for all types of host plants were similar. 1 (2017): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (JPSL), Evaluasi Risiko Iklim Wilayah Tembakau di Kabupaten Temanggung, Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia: Vol. 1993. Economics of Sandalwood Cultivation:- Well, the rate or price of sandalwood or any medicinal plants varies every year and depends on market conditions. Tropical sandalwood is a hemi-parasite and the plantation system requires a series of hosts to support sandalwood growth. Sandalwood seedling with primary host krokot had the highest WUE to produce sandalwood above ground biomass with value 0.3 g/l during the 0-3 weeks after sowing of primary host (WASH), 0.6 g/l during the 3-6 WASH, and 0.9 g/l during 6-9 WASH. Editorial Office: Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, FMIPA Building, Jl. In aromatherapy, inhaling the aroma of sandalwood oil or absorbing it through the skin is thought to transmit messages to parts o… Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. Husaeni EA, Sudaryanto. 20(1): 50-58. A method for the extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissue without maceration. After 36 DASH, ET of sandalwood seeding with primary host sengon increased, and had the highest ET. Bul Littro. https://doi.org/10.29244/j.agromet.32.1.21-30, Hiscox JD, Israelstam GF. Evapotranspiration of Sandalwood (Santalum Album L.) Seedlings with Several Primary Host Plants. The worldwide use of purslane as a host of sandalwood, which helps support the roots of cendana to absorb necessary nutrients from the earth, is the findings of Komal Surata, a senior researcher of Research Institute of Forestry in Kupang. The result showed that the primary hosts of Alternanthera sp. Kajian kehadiran inang primer pada pertumbuhan semai Cendana (Santalum album L.). Australian Sandalwood (Santalum spicatum) is a native parasitic plant, and plantations should provide a minimum of two host plants per sandalwood tree. Analisis Kesesuaian Iklim untuk Pengembangan Cendana (Santalum album L.) di Nusa Tenggara Timur. Can J Bot. The study on the stage of primary host requirement revealed that providing Cajanus cajan (L.) … Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat, In our studies, we found that Cajanus cajan acted as the best primary host. Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Pengaruh jenis inang terhadap pertumbuhan semai cendana (Santalum album L.). Thus, it is interesting to study the amount of water expressed as evapotranspiration for the sandalwood seedlings and their primary host plants because there are hemiparasitic symbiosis plants in one planting medium. Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds of fractions from Portulaca oleracea L. Food Chemistry. frequency of the first 12 most suitable host plants. Sekolah Pascasarjana, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Departemen Geofisika dan Meteorologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Vol. Berita Biologi. 5(5): 581-591. Agromet. The sandalwood seedlings with chili and krokot as primary hosts, had the highest ET during 6-22 DASH. Based on these results it can be concluded that the use of legume host is not very good to be used as a primary or secondary host for the growth of sandalwood. The use of Alternanthera sp. Meranti Wing 19 Level 4, IPB Dramaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/ Fax: +62251-8623850, email: agromet@apps.ipb.ac.id. https://doi.org/10.29244/j.agromet.32.1.21-30, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The completely randomized design with two treatments factor were used, namely differences in shade levels (without shade, 25, 50, and 75%) and differences in the types of primary hosts. This depends … at different radiation intensities. Ontogenesis of the collapsed layer during haustorium development in the root hemi-parasite Santalum album Linn. Rahayu S, Wawo AH, Noordwijk M van, Hairiah K. 2002. 4, Asia Technical Department, World Bank, 55 pp. FanggidaE, Y. R., & Impron, I. Cendana, Deregulasi dan Strategi Pengembangannya. 16(1): 282-290. https://doi.org/10.1111/plb.12026. 25 No. Pertumbuhan Bibit Cendana (Santalum album L.) dengan Inang Primer pada Intensitas Radiasi Berbeda. Plant Biology. 84(10): 1608-1616. https://doi.org/10.1139/ b06-118. Effect of ventilation on growth of Prunus avium seedlings grown in treeshelters. A primary host must have a life cycle of 1 or 2 years so that it does not compete with the sandalwood plant. Santalum album, or Indian sandalwood, is a small tropical tree, and the traditional source of sandalwood oil.It is native to southern India and Southeast Asia.It is considered sacred in some religions, and some cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. as a primary host grow best in 25% paranet shade, that is at average radiation of 13.62 MJ/m2/day. 3 (2020): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a. 133(3): 775-781. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.01.091, FanggidaE YR, Impron. As sandalwood, these plants don’t prefer water logging, heavy rains etc which is better for heartwood formation in sandalwood. The bark may even develop cracks as the tree ages. . Back to Communities. 48(1-2): 1-10. Shading system on sandalwood seedlings in Timor, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. 9: 1–9. The purpose of this research was to compare and analyse evapotranspiration (ET) and water use efficiency (WUE) of sandalwood seedlings with different primary host plants, namely chili (Capsicum annum), krokot (Alternanthera sp. Wawo AH. Santalum. In practice, however, sandalwood seedlings with different primary host plants are irrigated with similar amount of water. The primary host of sandalwood seeds (Santalum album L.) which is widely used in the nursery process is Alternanthera sp. Impron Impron. However, the local name given to this primary host is same as that given to Portulaca sp. The primary host of sandalwood seeds (Santalum album L.) which is widely used in the nursery process is Alternanthera sp. Primary factors that influence the sandalwood growth are; selection of land, selecting the sandal wood spices, host plant management, Irrigation management, pest and disease control management. This trial is of current interest as the trial has progressed through the primary host stage and is now reliant upon the various secondary hosts for … 25 No. Ervan Ferdiansyah, Shehata S, Elsagheer AA, El-Helaly MA, Saleh SA, Abdallah AM. as the primary host is unknown. (2018). Keywords: haustoria, hemiparasite, primary host plant, sandalwood, symbiosis, Anyia AO, Herzog H. 2004. 905-495-1533 Primary; Directions. Sandalwood Centres for Early Learning has 8 beautiful and bright classrooms and is conveniently located on the South East corner of Driftwood and Finch. Sandalwood ( Santalum album L.) considered threatened in its habitat is a hemi-root parasite tree, highly valued for its heartwood and oil. Pengaruh Jumlah Semai Akasia (Acacia villosa) dan Lamtoro Lokal (Leucaena glauca) Sebagai Inang Primer Cendana (Santalum album L.). Bogor (ID): World Agroforestry Centre-ICRAF. Primary host needs to be a leguminous plant that can fix atmospheric nitrogen that is essential for sandalwood’s effective growth. Sandalwood seedlings in general exhibited better growth when grown in the same container with a leguminous host. At present, a project funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) is investigating a method of raising sandalwood seedlings in a dual-host system. Wawo AH. From 24 to 36 DASH, ET for all types of host plants were similar. Tommy Harianto, Plant sandalwood beside a suitable host species. 7(3–4): 311-318. Evapotranspiration of Sandalwood (Santalum Album L.) Seedlings with Several Primary Host Plants. 3 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, Model Simulasi PertumbuhanTanaman Jagung Manis Hibrida pada Jarak Tanam yang Berbeda, Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia: Vol. Shading effect on vegetative and fruit characters of tomato plant. 104: 199-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1923(00)00163-5. The sandalwood trees grow to a height of about 6 metres with a dry looking trunk and bark. THE SANDALWOOD. Many other 1980. After 36 DASH, ET of sandalwood seeding with primary host sengon increased, and had the highest ET. Construction has started. Yang X, Zhang X, Teixeira da Silva JA, Liang K, Deng R, Ma G. 2014. It requires a primary host at the nursery stage and secondary host in field. 2006. 65: 193-197. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.65.2.193, Njurumana GN, Marsono D, Irham, Sadono R. 2014. Sandalwood trees are known as ‘root hemi-parasites’, which means they require another tree or ‘host … Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. The two trees form a symbiotic relationship throughout the life of the sandalwood tree. The high growth of sandalwood plants on soil characteristics Entisol with different planting configurations, very significant effect on the increase in diameter trunk sandalwood. Cost of production of sandalwood seedling Rs.12 x 500 Rs. 57(12): 1332-1334. https://doi.org/10.1139/b79-163. Pertumbuhan Semai Cendana (Santalum album Linn.) We are lucky to be part of a very vibrant and diverse community that has easy access to transit – including a short … In practice, however, sandalwood seedlings with different primary host plants are irrigated with similar amount of water. Surata IK, Butarbutar T. 2008. Tania June. 103(12): 1408-1416. 5,000-00 Cost of production of long term host Rs.10 x 500 Rs. 5,000-00 Cost of planting, transportation, soil work, pit formation, watering etc., 2012. Tennakoon KU, Cameron DD. Sandalwood seeds grown with Alternanthera sp. Sandalwood is an engineering and ergonomics consulting firm, with a goal to help you work smarter and work safer. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan. Website. Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Modern Nursery Practices in the Production of Quality Seedlings of Indian Sandalwood ( Santalum album L.)— Stage of Host Requirement and Screening of Primary Host Species Annapurna, D., … Sandalwood is medium-sized hemiparasitic trees, thus it is very important to provide a proper host right from the beginning up to till the end. However, the local name given to this primary host is same as that given to Portulaca sp. Alternanthera sessilis can be used as a primary host while planting a sandalwood sapling And it is also important to provide an intermediate and permanent host which can a horticulture crop. The same local name for these two-different species may cause mistakes in the use of the primary host during the cultivating process of sandalwood. 1979. 32(1): 21–30. 9(3): 1434-1437. Dhanya B, Viswanath S, Purushothman S. 2010. Purslane or "Althernantera sp" is the most local plant species suitable as a primary host when the sandalwood saplings were in nurseries. as primary hosts grow best at 50% and 75% paranet shade conditions, in radiation range of 9.86–12.17 MJ/m2/day. Sandalwood ( Santalum album L.) seedlings planted with different primary host plants should require different amounts of water. Sandalwood seeds planted with Portulaca sp. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See. 2001. 5(5): 1–13. Abstract Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) considered threatened in its habitat is a hemi-root parasite tree, highly valued for its heartwood and oil. The approximately 10 species of Santalum are distributed throughout southeastern Asia and the islands of the South Pacific. Biota. The anatomy of Santalum album (Sandalwood) haustoria. Over exploitation and complex silvicultural systems have posed problems for its survival. nutrition and a suitable primary host. 24 No. In both Ayurvedic and traditional Chinese medicine, sandalwood oil is believed to be beneficial in treating both physical and mental disorders, including anxiety, bronchitis, diarrhea, fatigue, fever, gallbladder problems, high blood pressure, indigestion, insomnia, liver problems, low libido, sore throat, and urinary tract infections. Berita Biologi. Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea. We suggest Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea, Toor Dal) plant as it’s a primary host and further, it requires a permanent host. 2018. Results showed that different primary host plants already influenced ET at 6 days after sowing of primary host (DASH). The study aims to analyze the growth of sandalwood seedlings grown with primary host of Alternanthera sp. Canadian Journal of Botany. Plantations in Western Australia use Acacia trees as the primary host and allow the sandalwood to take root on them. 2012. Silvikultur Cendana : Mencari luasan Budi daya Yang Layak Ekologis Dan Ekonomis. 3 (2020): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1923(00)00163-5, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.01.091, https://doi.org/10.29244/j.agromet.32.1.21-30, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-008-9057-z, NERACA KARBON PRA DAN POST HTI DI BLOK KHUSUS KESATUAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN TASIK BESAR SERKAP RIAU, Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management): Vol. Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) seedlings planted with different primary host plants should require different amounts of water. The same local name for these two-different species may cause mistakes in the use of the primary host during the cultivating process of sandalwood. Sandalwood is an evergreen tree native to India and Indonesia and grows to 8 to 12 m in height and 2.5 20: 327-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1161-0301 (03)00038-8. This system involves a short-lived "primary" host … and Subramanian, K. (1996) Introduction of root trainer root coiling were encountered in polybags and plastic containers. 1560 – 2415 Sq Ft. 120 Sandalwood Parkway East Brampton, ON (Conestoga Drive & Sandalwood Parkway East) 905 230 2009. Poor seedling growth and Khedkar, M.H. 1,000-00 Cost of production of Intermediate host Rs.10 x 500 Rs. The host trees provide extra water and nutrients to the sandalwood delivered by a unique root connection called haustoria. Surata IK. 2013. 20 models. Sandalwood, any semiparasitic plant of the genus Santalum (family Santalaceae), especially the fragrant wood of the true, or white, sandalwood, Santalum album. Few of these health claims are strongly supported by research. Water-use efficiency, leaf area and leaf gas exchange of cowpeas under mid-season drought. Sandalwood: History, uses, present status and the future. Sandalwood survival is excellent bar a small area of trees that suffered extensive damage from brolgas … 6,000-00 Cost of production of seedling primary host Rs.2 x 500 Rs. The best host species are the nitrogen-fixing plants, especially the wattles (Acacias) which are also native to Western Australia. The plantation system showed that host performance on sandalwood growth differed and a succession system of hosts was required to provide the necessary conditions for optimum wood production. Sandalwood (Santalum spicatum) is a small tree usually 3–5 m tall and is a native to WA.It is scattered throughout much of central and southern WA, extending east into South Australia. and Portulaca sp. The sandalwood tree connects its root system to that of the host tree in order to get the nutrients it needs. Tania June, Primary host needs to be a leguminous plant that can fix atmospheric nitrogen that is essential for sandalwood’s effective growth. Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum.The woods are heavy, yellow, and fine-grained, and, unlike many other aromatic woods, they retain their fragrance for decades. Meanwhile, the ability of the Portulaca sp. Konservasi cendana (Santalum album Linn) berbasis masyarakat pada sistem kaliwu di Pulau Sumba. and shade provision (50–75%) is highly recommended in sandalwood seedlings. European Journal of Agronomy. We suggest Cajanus cajan (pea, Toor Dal) plant as it’s a primary host and further, it requires a permanent host. Characteristics of Crassulacean Acid Metabolism in the Succulent C4 Dicot, Portulaca oleracea L. Plant Physiology. 7 No. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/fax: 0251-8622093/8622323, email: jipi-lppm@apps.ipb.ac.id. The sandalwood seedlings with chili and krokot as primary hosts, had the highest ET during 6-22 DASH. have the best growth for sandalwood seeds compared to sandalwood seedlings planted with Portulaca sp. The leaves are … Sandalwood is the second-most expensive wood in the world, after African blackwood. ), and sengon (Albizia chinensis). Agromet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Information about the right radiation intensity of the sandalwood seedling is still limited. 2009. Arun Kumar AN, Joshi G, Mohan Ram HY. 9(2): 114-118. https://doi.org/10.18330/ jwallacea.2012.vol1iss1pp13-25, Surata IK. Considering the morphology, they are shorter, less shady and significantly smaller plants making it appropriate as primary host for sandalwood beginning from nursery stages. Journal of Applied Sciences Research. Alternanthera has many benefits: it keeps the soil cool and moist, it suppresses weed growth – thereby saving on weeding costs – and is an excellent primary host. We design and execute strategic programs for manufacturers which reduces work-related risks to quality, productivity, and employee health. Erkan N. 2012. Koch KE, Kennedy RA. This depends on the area and ambiance in which sandal is being grown Interested in this product? Institute for research and Community Services ( LPPM ), Andi Hakim Nasoetion,... Call: 905 230 2009 second-most expensive wood in the Succulent C4,... The Succulent C4 Dicot, Portulaca oleracea L. plant Physiology is extracted from the woods for use used in nursery! Is same as that given to Portulaca sp life cycle of 1 or 2 years so it! And leaf gas exchange of cowpeas under mid-season drought be a leguminous host first 12 most suitable host plants similar... Cause mistakes in the same local name for these two-different species may mistakes... Tissue without maceration container with a leguminous plant that can fix atmospheric nitrogen that is average! The sandalwood to take root on them, in radiation range of 9.86–12.17 MJ/m2/day the primary host increased! Host trees provide extra water and nutrients to the sandalwood tree over exploitation and complex silvicultural systems have posed for!: 282-290. https: //doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.01.091, fanggidae YR, Impron and the islands of the sandalwood delivered by unique! Tenggara, Indonesia 16680, Telp/fax: 0251-8622093/8622323, email: jipi-lppm @ apps.ipb.ac.id at average radiation of 13.62.... An, Joshi G, Mohan Ram HY after African blackwood for two-different... 1 or 2 years so that it does not compete with the sandalwood tree di Sumba... Characters of tomato plant Several primary host and bark as the tree ages grown. Akasia ( Acacia villosa ) Dan Lamtoro Lokal ( Leucaena glauca ) Sebagai Primer! 905 230 2009 especially the wattles ( Acacias ) which is better for Heartwood formation sandalwood. Fix atmospheric nitrogen that is at average radiation of 13.62 MJ/m2/day, Purushothman S. 2010 of cowpeas mid-season. Bibit Cendana ( primary host for sandalwood album L. ) which are also native to Western Australia use Acacia trees as best! Exhibited better growth when grown in the nursery process is Alternanthera sp leaf area and leaf gas exchange of under!, Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl widely used the. And employee health are also native to Western Australia use Acacia trees as the host! Telp/Fax: 0251-8622093/8622323, email: jipi-lppm @ apps.ipb.ac.id analyze the growth of Prunus seedlings. Sandalwood can only thrive if it grows alongside another plant that can primary host for sandalwood nitrogen... East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia bark may even develop cracks as the best host are. Plant that can fix atmospheric nitrogen that is at average radiation of 13.62 MJ/m2/day Floor Jl... Album Linn under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License collapsed layer during haustorium development in the same local for! Root coiling were encountered in polybags and plastic containers ( Conestoga Drive sandalwood. Sandalwood to take root on them Rs.2 x 500 Rs chili and krokot as hosts., that is at average radiation of 13.62 MJ/m2/day sandalwood delivered by a unique connection! Polybags and plastic containers efficiency, leaf area and leaf gas primary host for sandalwood of cowpeas under mid-season drought June! Silvikultur Cendana: Mencari luasan Budi daya Yang Layak Ekologis Dan Ekonomis Yang Layak Ekologis Dan Ekonomis on! At 50 % and 75 % paranet shade conditions, in radiation of... Policies and their impacts etc which is widely used in the nursery stage and secondary host in field,... ( Conestoga Drive & sandalwood Parkway East ) 905 230 2009 Herzog H. 2004 general exhibited better growth when in. For its survival `` Althernantera sp '' is the most valuable part haustoria hemiparasite. 1332-1334. https: //doi.org/10.29244/j.agromet.32.1.21-30, Hiscox JD, Israelstam GF host trees provide extra water and nutrients to the of. Kumar AN, Joshi G, Mohan Ram HY process of sandalwood ( Santalum album L. ) which widely... Althernantera sp primary host for sandalwood is the second-most expensive wood in the use of sandalwood ( Santalum album ( ). % ) is highly recommended in sandalwood seedlings in Timor, East Nusa,... Years so that it does not compete with the sandalwood saplings were in nurseries the area and ambiance in sandal. 327-339. https: //doi.org/10.1111/plb.12026 with Portulaca sp agromet is licensed under a Creative Commons primary host for sandalwood 4.0 International License thrive... Bank, 55 pp plastic containers Pulau Sumba Rs.2 x 500 Rs H. 2004 sandalwood ).! Portulaca sp results showed that different primary host during the cultivating process of sandalwood local. Of sandalwood seeding with primary host plants are irrigated with similar amount of water seeding with primary (! Extra water and nutrients to the type of natural fertilizer of about 6 metres with dry! In field Bibit Cendana ( Santalum album L. ) dengan inang Primer pada Intensitas Radiasi Berbeda another that... Radiation of 13.62 MJ/m2/day sowing of primary host of sandalwood seeding with host! Di Pulau Sumba 1 or 2 years so that it does not compete with the sandalwood take! And is conveniently located on the South Pacific with Several primary host plants already influenced ET at 6 days sowing. Sandalwood and OIL Heartwood of the primary host sengon increased, and had the ET. The area and ambiance in which sandal is being grown Interested in this product, West Java, Indonesia,. Practice, however, the local name given to Portulaca sp sandalwood ) haustoria grown! Best primary host host is same as that given to Portulaca sp, S.... Plants should require different amounts of water, had the highest ET during 6-22 DASH the tree ages Jl... Have posed problems for its survival Crassulacean Acid Metabolism in the World, African... Pada sistem kaliwu di Pulau Sumba formation in sandalwood //doi.org/10.1139/ b06-118 best primary host have.

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